What is Public Health/Health - Kendogist - Entertainment and Politics

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Tuesday, 21 November 2017

What is Public Health/Health

What is public health
   
                Public health can be define as the science and art of preventing diseases, prolonging life and promoting health and efficiency through community efforts, for the sanitation of the environment, the control of communicable infections, the organizational of medical and nursing services  for early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease and the development of  social machinery to ensure for every individual a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health, so organizing these benefits as to enable every citizen realize his birth right of health and long life.
                However, to achieve the components of the public health as indicated above requires a lot of commitments at the socio-economic and political levels. Also the occupational status, income level, access of means of production, poverty level and political involvements in both policy making and implementation on any of the issues in public heath.
                For example in Nigeria environmental sanitation program has not been properly enforced through legal backing most especially during the period of democratic governance. The current democratic government has not been able to transform the decree enforcing environmental sanitation during the Buhari/Idiagbon military regime into law. The monthly exercise has been decentralized on states basis and the lack of appropriate legislation for the exercise has hindered it’s effectiveness in another development. Public Health is the science and the art of promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community infection. The major objective of Public Health is the fulfillment of community interest and assurance that the condition in which people can be healthy through organized community efforts aimed at the prevention  of health.
                The organizational Framework of public health encompasses both activities undertaken within the formal structure of government and the associated effort of private and voluntary organizations and individual.
                In addition, public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of communities or societies through education, promotion of health life  styles and research for disease and prevention  of injury. It involves the application of the following which are biology, sociology, mathematics, antropology, public policy, medicine, education, psychology, demography and computer to attain the goals of public health.
                Key functions of Public Health
·         Monitor health statuses to identify community health problems
·         Diagnose and investigate health problems and health hazards in the community.
·         In form educate and empower people about health issues
·         Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problem
·         Assure a competent Public Health and personal health care work force.
·         Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility and quality of personal and population based on health services
·         Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems
Noise and Public Health
                Noise s referred to as a unwanted sound. It is wrong sound in a wrong place and sometime wrong time. The noise in the environment is increasing almost daily. It is regarded as an important stress factor in the environment of man. noise pollution has recently be coined to signify the irritating sounds that are being produced in the modern day life 

Housing and Public Health
housing is one of the basic needs of man. Abraham Maslow hierachical needs identified shelter as important for man's and one of the major determinants of the status health, in most of the developing countries housing is a major problem for most people in the urban areas. Population density is the number of people living per square kilometer, if the definition of health given by W.H.O is applied, we have to take into consideration the aspects
Effects of Housing on Public Health
The ill-ventilated dirty and overcrowded houses responsible for various disease below
·         Threadworm due to sleeping together, especially among children.
·         Skin infection like scabies, ring worm, leprosy and other skin disorders
·         Respiratory: Common cold, TB, influenza, diphtheria, bronchitis and measles
Sanitation and Public Health
In earlier days sanitation was centered on the sanitary disposal of human excreta. Actually the term sanitation covers the whole field of controlling the environment with a view to prevent diseases and promote health. The increased demand for utility of services for both domestic and industrial use leads to accumulation of waste products in water, air and on the ground. (Saundra et al 2007) lack of sanitary facilities leading to faulting of the ground and worst is the drainage system of gutters and garbage dump all over the cities causing pollution and infestation.
Effect of Poor Sanitation on Public Health

First in Public Health importance are the many faecal-oral infections acquired by consumption of contaminated  with pathogens from blocked sewers and overflowing septic tasks, refuse dump in gutters which are not draining. Diseases spread by poor drainage are transmitted causing endemic malaria typhoid etc, transmission is intense in urban areas.
Effects of Housing on Public Health
The ill-ventilated dirty and overcrowded houses responsible for various disease below
·         Threadworm due to sleeping together, especially among children.
·         Skin infection like scabies, ring worm, leprosy and other skin disorders
·         Respiratory: Common cold, TB, influenza, diphtheria, bronchitis and measles
Sanitation and Public Health
In earlier days sanitation was centered on the sanitary disposal of human excreta. Actually the term sanitation covers the whole field of controlling the environment with a view to prevent diseases and promote health. The increased demand for utility of services for both domestic and industrial use leads to accumulation of waste products in water, air and on the ground. (Saundra et al 2007) lack of sanitary facilities leading to faulting of the ground and worst is the drainage system of gutters and garbage dump all over the cities causing pollution and infestation.
Effect of Poor Sanitation on Public Health
First in Public Health importance are the many faecal-oral infections acquired by consumption of contaminated  with pathogens from blocked sewers and overflowing septic tasks, refuse dump in gutters which are not draining. Diseases spread by poor drainage are transmitted causing endemic malaria typhoid etc, transmission is intense in urban areas.

2 comments:

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